Saturday, January 28, 2023

Why Does Israel Claim The West Bank

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Why does Israel want to annex the West Bank? | Start Here

The law prohibits such actions, and the government generally respected those prohibitions.

The 2003 Law of Citizenship and Entry, which is renewed annually, prohibits Palestinians from the West Bank or Gaza, Iranians, Iraqis, Syrians, and Lebanese, including those who are Palestinian spouses of Israeli residents or citizens, from obtaining resident status unless the Ministry of the Interior makes a special determination, usually on humanitarian grounds. The government has extended the law annually due to government reports that Palestinian family reunification allows entry to a disproportionate number of persons who are later involved in acts of terrorism. HaMoked asserted that statistics from government documents obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests contradicted these terrorism allegations, and that denial of residency to Palestinians from the West Bank or Gaza for the purposes of family reunification led to cases of family separation.

On March 27, media outlet Yedioth Ahronoth reported that under the auspices of the Shin Bet Law, the Shin Bet had been collecting data from mobile phones of all users of telecom services in Israel for 18 years, including calls, messages, and locations.

Population Transfer And Deportations

Israel was one of the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention dealing specifically with protection of civilians in a war zone, and, as a signatory, underwrote Article 49 which reads:

Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive… The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.

This final clause is absolute, allowing of no exceptions, and was ratified by Israel when it signed the Geneva Conventions on 6 July 1951. The sentence was written to prevent the repetition of the practice of colonization established by certain powers, by which Germany was to be understood, of transferring their population to conquered territories for political and racial reasons in WW2. Furthermore, Article 76 of that convention excludes deportation as a punitive measure in stating that

protected persons accused of offences shall be detained in the occupied country and, if convicted, they shall serve their sentences therein.

The principle is unambiguous “an occupier cannot expel a single person, however much that person constitutes a security risk”.

Why Is This Being Talked About Now

Until recently, Mr Netanyahu would have faced solid opposition among the international community to such a move.

However, Donald Trump’s Israeli-Palestinian peace plan, unveiled in January, allows for Israel to “incorporate” all the settlements – something no previous US administration had countenanced.

It is possible that Mr Netanyahu wants to get it done before the US presidential election in November in case Mr Trump’s rival Joe Biden – who opposes annexation – is elected and reverses US policy.

An agreement which returned Mr Netanyahu to office as head of a national unity government in May set 1 July as the date from which the annexation process could be initiated.

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A Arbitrary Deprivation Of Life And Other Unlawful Or Politically Motivated Killings

There were several reports that the government or its agents committed arbitrary or unlawful killings. The Ministry of Justices Department for Investigations of Police Officers is responsible for investigating alleged unlawful actions involving police, while the Ministry of Justices State Attorneys Office is responsible for investigating alleged unlawful actions involving the prosecution.

According to the Israeli Defense Forces , there were 190 instances of rocket fire from Gaza at Israeli territory, 90 of which fell in uninhabited areas. The IDF intercepted 93 percent of the rockets fired at populated areas. In addition the IDF reported it foiled 38 infiltration attempts from Gaza and destroyed one terror tunnel into Israel.

According to the government and media reports, terrorist attacks targeting Israelis killed one person in Israel, in Petah Tikva. The attacker was a Palestinian from the West Bank. In addition the Israeli government reported foiling numerous terrorist attacks during the year.

On September 13, the NGO Adalah and PCATI submitted a request to the Supreme Court demanding the reversal of a decision of the then state attorney to close the investigation into the 2017 police killing of Yaqoub Abu al-Qian in Umm al-Hiran and criminally to indict officers responsible for the death of Abu al-Qian.

What Are Settlements And How Did They Come About

Israel Destroys EU

Contrary to common belief, settlements are a legacy of the pre-1948 period, before the creation of Israel.

In the 1880s, the community of Palestinian Jews, known as the Yishuv, amounted to three percent of the total population. They were apolitical and did not aspire to build a modern Jewish state.

But in the late 19th century, the Zionist movement – a political ideology – grew out of Eastern Europe, claiming that Jews were a nation or race that deserved a modern Jewish state.

The distribution of the settlements determined the map of the proposed United Nations Partition Plan for Jewish and Palestinian states in 1947.

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Quotes From Israeli Politicians On Annexation

“I believe that our right to the Land is absolute and unshakable and it that includes the entire Land The correct policy, from the point of view of Israeli interests regarding our political ability at the moment, is to combine the attempt to hold the maximum amount of territory and apply sovereignty over the maximum amount of territory while keeping the Arab population within it to a minimum. This situation already exists in Area C, which is under our control there are little more than 50,000 Arabs.

Yariv Levin – 2014

The only way to restore calm is to restore our sense of justice. To internalize that this is our Land. Exclusively. We must end the ‘Occupation’ and declare complete and exclusive sovereignty over all parts of the Land of Israel in our hands.

Moshe Feiglin – 2015

Citizens of Israel have paid in no end of victims, tens of thousands of missiles and no end of denunciations for this messianic policy of a Palestinian state. The conclusion is to stop marching toward the foolish path of a Palestinian state and to impose Israeli law on Ma’aleh Adumim, the Jordan Valley, Ofra, Ariel and all of Area C as soon as possible. This is how we win.

Natfali Bennett – 2017

What Precisely Does Israel Want To Annex

Netanyahu has made repeated promises during the past year to annex, or apply sovereignty, to different areas of the West Bank, a chunk of land Israel captured from Jordan in 1967.

In April last year, Netanyahu said he planned to annex Jewish settlements, outposts in the West Bank where hundreds of thousands of Israelis live, to global condemnation. In September, the Israeli leader added he would also annex the Jordan Valley, which makes up to one-third of the West Bank and borders Jordan.

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Sinad O’connor’s Son Dies At Age Of 17 After Going Missing

Sinéad O’Connor’s 17-year-old son has died, the singer’s management company confirmed to CNN on Saturday.

On Friday, a Garda spokesman told the Irish Mirror that a body had been recovered and that police were standing down on a missing-person report for Shane O’Connor.

The “Nothing compares 2U” musician shared a sequence of brief statements on her unverified Twitter account saying her son “decided to end his earthly struggle” and urged others not to do the same.

“My beautiful son, Nevi’im Nesta Ali Shane O’Connor, the very light of my life, decided to end his earthly struggle today and is now with God. May he rest in peace and may no one follow his example. My baby. I love you so much. Please be at peace,” O’Connor tweeted.

Irish authorities first issued a missing-person statement on Thursday, asking for the public’s help tracing Shane O’Connor’s whereabouts. He had been missing since January 6.

“Shane was last seen this morning in the Tallaght, Dublin 24 area,” said the Thursday statement by the Gardai — the Irish national police force.

Following her son’s disappearance, the Irish musician published a series of tweets desperately pleading for her son to give himself over to the authorities.

When asked for comment, the Gardai told CNN that because of data protection regulations, it wouldn’t be able to confirm the veracity of O’Connor’s tweets nor Shane O’Connor’s missing status.

Does Egypt Own The Gaza Strip

Why Does Israel Want To Annex The West Bank?

From September 1948, until its dissolution by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1959, the Gaza Strip was officially administered by the All-Palestine Government. Following its dissolution, Egypt did not annex the Gaza Strip but kept it under military rule, pending a resolution of the Israel-Palestine question.

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The International Criminal Court

The law of military occupation is set forth in the 1907 Hague Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and its Annex: Regulations Concerning the Laws and Customs on Land, in the 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Person in Time of War, and the 1977 Additional Protocol I applicable to International Armed Conflicts. Israel is party to the Geneva Convention , but has not ratified the 1977 Additional Protocol I. Palestine acceded to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions, the 1977 Additional Protocol I, and the 1907 Hague Regulations in 2014. See ICRC,.

Customary international humanitarian law, including the Hague regulations, also applies. Customary international law consists of unwritten rules that come from a general practice accepted as law. Based on an extensive study, the International Committee of the Red Cross maintains a database on customary international humanitarian law.

In addition to international humanitarian law, international human rights law continues to apply during times of armed conflict. Israel is a party to both the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Israel remains bound by its international human rights law obligations in the territory it occupies.

What Israel Did With Jerusalem

Shortly after the 1967 war, Israel illegally annexed East Jerusalem and declared it part of its eternal, undivided capital.

Map of East Jerusalem in 2007 shows the separation wall and the Israeli settlements in purple on areas of the occupied West Bank illegally annexed to Jerusalem. Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

This meant that it extended its law to East Jerusalem and claimed it as part of Israel, unlike the West Bank, which it physically occupies but does not claim.

The annexation of East Jerusalem is not recognised by any country in the world as it violates several principles of international law, which outlines that an occupying power does not have sovereignty in the territory it occupies.

The international community officially regards East Jerusalem as occupied territory.

On December 6, 2017, US President Donald Trump announced a shift in decades of US policy by recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and moving its embassy there.

Since Israel considers East Jerusalem part of its state, it calls the settlements there neighbourhoods.

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What Will The Effect Be If It Does Go Ahead

Jordans king has hinted that an Israeli-Jordanian peace agreement would be in jeopardy. European nations have suggested they may attempt to impose economic sanctions on Israel. Israeli-Palestinian violence could erupt.

In practice, annexation could happen with a vote in Israels parliament but with almost no changes on the ground.

Many say the move would simply be the formal realisation of what Israel critics, and many of its supporters, have said for decades that Israeli governments have never been serious about relinquishing lands occupied in 1967.

Certainly, if Israel formally declares land as part of its state, it would make it even more difficult to give it up in any future agreement. Many who still support the idea of a two-state solution say annexation would be the killing blow, although others argue that ideal perished years ago.

One significant change may be one of perception. Israels half-century occupation of the West Bank has long been referred to as something that is temporary. That has allowed Israel to deflect thorny questions around why Israeli settlers in the West Bank have citizenship, while Palestinians do not.

If Israel was to annex so much of the West Bank that it would effectively and permanently control the land and all the people in it, then questions around inequality under the law might be more difficult to answer.

But in an interview with the Times of Israel last week, he said annexation would change his assessment.

Does Israel Steal Private Palestinian Land In The West Bank

The growth of Israeli settlements, explained in 5 charts

Jul 7, 2020 By Hugh Fitzgerald

The Jerusalem Post has an enlightening and depressing article here on land ownership in the West Bank:

One of the most serious accusations against Israels presence in Judea and Samaria to end the occupation and in the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaigns is that Israel systematically steals or seizes private Palestinian land. Not only would that be illegal, it is immoral. This seems to be the basis for the High Courts decision to strike down the Regulation Law.

It is important to remember the reason for the Regulation Law. When Jewish communities were established, it was done in good faith, and with government approval on vacant land. Arabs did not go to court to claim their land. Only much later, led by left-wing NGOs, were Arabs encouraged to make their claims.

Remember that the Palestine Mandate called for, in Article 6, close settlement of Jews on the land, including State and waste lands. The lands that Jews built settlements on were vacant at the time. Were they State or waste lands, on which Jews were allowed to settle, or were they the private property of Arabs? The Arabs did not press any claims at first they did so only when encouraged by left-wing i.e., anti-Israel NGOs. That suggests they were not at all certain about their ownership.

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Palestinians Outraged At Netanyahu West Bank Annexation Plans

Whatever one’s views of the legitimacy or desirability of these Israeli settlements, they are facts that everyone has to acknowledge as one ponders the future of the two peoples, the conflict and the land.

President George W. Bush was the first American leader to acknowledge these facts, in essence suggesting that all peace proposals must take into account that removing all of the settlements would be a huge challenge and hence an obstacle to achieving a deal. That was a decade and a half ago. President Donald Trump went further in his peace proposal in January, indicating that no resident, Jew or Arab, would have to be evacuated from the West Bank as the parties move forward on their quest for peace.

John Kerry Defends Two

5. How about the Palestinians?

From some Palestinian cities, there are clear views of Israeli settlements â and new construction â on nearby hillsides. And in most settlement neighborhoods, there are wide areas of empty hillside closed to Palestinians, which Israel says are necessary buffers for security.

Palestinians see them as visual proof that their sought-after independent state is being taken from them. Palestinian leaders have opposed peace talks in recent years while, as they see it, Israel is building on land that is part of those talks.

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D Arbitrary Arrest Or Detention

The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention and provides for the right of any person to challenge the lawfulness of his or her arrest or detention in court, and the government generally observed these requirements. Authorities applied the same laws to all residents of Jerusalem, regardless of their citizenship status. NGOs and Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem alleged that security forces disproportionally devoted enforcement actions to Palestinian neighborhoods, particularly Issawiya, with temporary checkpoints and raids at higher levels than in West Jerusalem. Palestinians also criticized police for devoting fewer resources on a per capita basis to regular crime and community policing in Palestinian neighborhoods. Police did not maintain a permanent presence in areas of Jerusalem outside the barrier and only entered to conduct raids, according to NGOs. Palestinian residents of the West Bank and Gaza detained on security grounds fell under military jurisdiction, even if detained inside Israel .

Renouncing Claims To The West Bank

Israel annexation: What is the West Bank? – BBC News

An emergency meeting of the Arab League in June 1988 gave the PLO financial control of support for the Palestinians, thereby virtually acknowledging Arafat as their spokesman. In response, Hussein renounced all Jordanian claims to the West Bank, allowing the PLO to assume full responsibility there. He dissolved the Jordanian parliament , ceased salary payments to 21,000 West Bank civil servants, and ordered that West Bank Palestinian passports be converted to two-year travel documents. When the Palestine National Council recognized the PLO as the sole legal representative of the Palestinian people and proclaimed the independence of a purely notional Palestine on November 15, 1988, Hussein immediately extended recognition to the Palestinian entity.

In November 1989 Jordan held its first parliamentary elections in 22 years. Opposition groups, particularly the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhoodin the form of the Islamic Action Front gained more seats than the pro-government candidates, and the newly elected prime minister, Mudar Badran, promised to lift the that had been in place since 1967a promise not fully kept until July 1991.

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Some Principles To Follow

I asked Kontorovich to describe a few rules of thumb, some dos and donts, and significant principles. They are as follows:

  • You need to be very careful with the terminology you use. Judea and Samaria are not occupied territories, but if we keep calling them that, this is an understanding that will stick. We should also not use on any level professional, legal, or political the words laws of occupation. Furthermore, Israel needs to stop applying the humanitarian aspects of the Geneva Convention something which Israel has done voluntarily, beyond the letter of the law. There is no legal requirement to do this.
  • If we want to say that we have any claim on the land, we should go ahead and show it. It doesnt mean we have to ultimately keep 100 percent of everything. But we need to clarify our claim from the legal point of view. If we claim that Judea and Samaria are occupied, then we have no basis for being in Jerusalem because there is no legal difference. We think that we can choose and everyone will accept it. Whats the basic demand of the Palestinians? They want Judea, Samaria, and more. Why? Because if a thief comes and steals your property, you dont just thank him when he gives it back to you.
  • Our vision must be clear and principled: Israeli law in one part of the territory and Palestinian self-government in the other. It is not a good idea to give too many details about where sovereignty will lie or it will just hold us back in the future.
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